Nikon is the world's second largest manufacturer of cameras and lenses. They manufacture other products as well, including binoculars, rifle scopes, movie cameras, microscopes, film scanners, and opthalmic lenses to name a few. Founded in 1917 as the Japan Optical Industries Company, the company was renamed 'Nikon Corporation' in 1988 after its camera lineup. Nikon is currently run by Chairman Michio Kariya, and President Makoto Kimura.
Headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, the company is one of the most notable brands when it comes to camera equipment for professionals and hobbyists. Nikon competes directly with the likes of Canon, Sony, Pentax and Olympus for camera and lens manufacturing market share.
Nikon's Nikkor imaging lenses, F-series SLR cameras, and D-series digital SLR cameras remain among the most popular cameras available today. The company continues to develop new and exciting products, including the Coolpix series of compact digital cameras, and the Nikonos series of professional underwater cameras.
Nikon is listed on The Tokyo Stock exchange as Nikon Corp. (code 7731), and is part of The Mitsubishi Group of Companies. This conglomerate includes many mining, telecom, insurance, electronics, and automotive companies, with revenues well over $200 billion annually, and more than 300,000 employees worldwide.